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Hail Mi Irieites,
Here’s an important page in history (via Wikipedia) >>
During the US Civil War, President Abraham Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation on September 22, 1862, with an effective date of January 1, 1863. Although it declared that slaves were to be freed in the Confederate States of America in rebellion against the federal government, it had minimal actual effect. Even after the ending of military hostilities, as a part of the former Confederacy, Texas did not act to comply with the Emancipation Proclamation.
On June 18, 1865, Union General Gordon Granger and 2,000 federal troops arrived in Galveston, Texas, to take possession of the state and enforce the emancipation of its slaves. On June 19, standing on the balcony of Galveston’s Ashton Villa, Granger read the contents of “General Order No. 3″:
The people of Texas are informed that, in accordance with a proclamation from the Executive of the United States, all slaves are free. This involves an absolute equality of personal rights and rights of property between former masters and slaves, and the connection heretofore existing between them becomes that between employer and hired labor. The freedmen are advised to remain quietly at their present homes and work for wages. They are informed that they will not be allowed to collect at military posts and that they will not be supported in idleness either there or elsewhere.
That day has since become known as Juneteenth, a name coming from a portmanteau of the word June and the suffix, “teenth”, as in “Nineteenth”, coined by 1903.
Yes, Mi Irieites,
First of all, I thank each and everyone for my birthday shout out. The support gets bigger and bigger each year. And I am still overwhelmed by it.
Secondly, For all the fans at “Reggae in the Desert,” Las Vegas and the “River Bend Festival,” Chattanooga, TN, we thank you for coming along. There were many that said they have not seen the band perform live in over 20 years. Don’t be a stranger – from now on!
Today was a historical day in regards to boxing. This day June 18th 2013, marks the 50th anniversary of the great Muhammad Ali being knocked down for the very first time in his career by the British Champion boxer, Henry Cooper. Cooper knocked Ali down in round 4. Ali was saved by the bell. Muhammad came back in the following round to stop Cooper with a severe damage to his right eye.
Leon was the first boxer to literally take the title from Ali in the ring. Ali’s other losses were non-title contests or bouts where Ali was the challenger. The only time before that was when Ali was stripped of his title by the US government for refusing to fight in Vietnam.
Sid and I teamed up with Leon at a bar at the Hilton Hotel (the very place the Spinks vs Ali fight took place, just over 35 years ago). With excitement I was naming and recollecting the Spinks/Ali first encounter to Leon, saying that the fight took place in 1978. But Spinks fired back at me saying “no the year I beat Ali was in 1975.” I said, “No because Ali had not too long beat George Foreman.” But Leon insisted it was 1975. So as puzzled as I was, I accepted his challenge. After all, it was HE that was tangling with the then Champ back then, not me. He ought to know….. so I thought.
As we were getting ready to watch the play called “Raiding the Rock Vault” (a great play by the way), we saw someone that remembered hosting the fight and said to me, ‘IT WAS 1978, right here.” Wow! So there you go Leon, if you get a chance to read this. Well, it was great meeting, a really humble individual who’s looking pretty good considering what he use to do for a living.
Stay blessed Leon, and a “Happy 60th year to you, Sir.”
P.S Thanks Rande, for making this happen…
P.P.S. Another boxing history note: When Leon’s brother Michael Spinks defeated Larry Holmes for the IBF heavyweight championship in 1985, they became the first brothers to have held world heavyweight championships.
Yes Mi Irieites,
This is a tribute to one of the most legendary activists of all time, N.A.A.C.P. leader, Medgar Evers, who was assassinated this day June 12th, 1963. This marks the 50th anniversary of his death.
Medgar was born in Decatur, Mississippi July 2nd 1925, (the same year as Malcolm X). He became very active in the civil rights movement after being rejected from enrolling in the University of Mississippi, back in 1954. The South had a fortress of opposition that limited and confined Afro Americans in regards to schooling, housing, work, public facilities and places of entertainment. It was only a mere eight years previous to this assassination that Emmett Till got murdered. So the state of Mississippi was already recognized as a bastion of racism.
Medgar was determined to be vocal and confrontational about this situation in so many ways. As he had put it, “Jim Crow Laws Must Go,” which was the slogan that was written on the t-shirt he was wearing the day he died.
Many historical events were taking place throughout the year of 1963. For example, the day before the shooting, Governor George Wallace of Alabama and also a (then) staunch advocate of segregation, made a desperate attempt to bar students, Vivian Malone and James Hood from a local auditorium; a place exclusive to whites. Special officers of the law eventually intervened and overturned this. President Kennedy also made a speech on national TV that day in support of the Civil Rights Movement.
The period leading up to Medgar Evers’ death was full of threats and reprisals. This included a Molotov cocktail thrown into the parking area of his home and an attempt to run him over while he was leaving an N.A.A.C.P meeting, in Jackson.
During my childhood, back in the UK, Evers’ name was not as predominant as Dr Martin Luther King, or Malcolm X. It was during my adulthood that I realised the impact that this individual had on the Civil Rights Movement in the US at that time. After analysing the events and his story I can honestly say, this individual takes the prize. His environment was isolated and he was not one to be crowded with bodyguards. Therefore he must have known within himself that the stance he was taking against society would cut his life short.
I continue my “Big Ups” to all the muzos’ that supported his cause during those tumultuous years: Bob Dylan (Only a Pawn in their Game), Nina Simone (Mississippi Goddamn) and Phil Ochs (Too Many Martyrs), to name a few.
And a maximum respect to Myrlie Evers-Williams, his widow, who I saw for the first time, making a speech at the Obama Inauguration. Previous to that Mrs. Evers-Williams was invited to christen a ship in honor of her “late” husband in 2011. A statue of Medgar now stands erected outside a library in Jackson, MI.
Medgar, I don’t know why I use the word “late,” because as far as we are concerned, your “Greatness” came right on time.
Here’s a special tribute to my dearest friend and activist, Sister Ayanna Ade, whose memorial was held earlier this afternoon, at the SHAPE Community Center in Houston, Texas.
Although we had not met as often as we had in the past, Ayanna held a special place in my heart. She was an honorable individual, serving the community as an activist and organizer. Until recently she was actively engaged in the movement to abolish the death penalty in Texas.
I will treasure the memories, Sister.
A word out to Samora; I know mom is happy right now for your moment of liberation and she will be counting on you to continue her positive influence and legacy. Peace Brother. Hope to meet you again, soon….
Hail Mi Irieites,
Like I said, I would be back in regards to the AU’s 50th Anniversary celebration. But first, I must confess that I have been bugging out for a long time to give you the names on this photograph of all the heads of State that attended the OAU, May 25th 1963. Come to find out that this actual pic was taken some four years later in Kampala, Uganda’s capital. This was the Eastern Central African Leaders Summit. So that explains why Kwame Nkrumah, “Father of Africa” was not present and why Jomo Kenyatta, the original “Burning Spear” was present, because Kenya was yet to attain its independence, not until some 7 months later. You can’t image how I have been racking my brain over this shot. It just wasn’t stacking up…. now we know.
The photograph actual consists of 13 as opposed to 12 people. So correct me if I am wrong, but reading from left to right, leaving out the man whose shoulder’s in the frame, Back Row:
1. CHAD- Francois Tombalbaya
2. UGANDA- Milton Obote
3. TANZANIA- Julius Nyerere
4. ZAMBIA- Kenneth Kuanda
5. SOMALIA- Mohammed Ibrahim Egal
Front Row, from Left to right:
7. RWANDA- Gregoire Kayibanda
8. CENTRAL AFRICA REPUBLIC-Jean V Bokassa
9. ETHIOPIA- H.I.M Emperor Haile Sellassie I
10. KENYA- Jomo Kenyatta
11. SUDAN- Ismail Al-Azhari
12. CONGO- Joseph Desire Mobutu.
To all our fans out there please let me know who is the missing leader (6) in the dark glasses and who’s the leader with only his left shoulder, visible. Also if it is possible for anyone to search and find the images of the original line up outside the OAU in Addis Ababa, in 1963.
One more thing, we would like to let our Ethiopian fans know that Steel Pulse made a desperate attempt to be part of this glorious event. However, there was a lot of crossed wires and indecision that made it impossible for us to make our flights on time to do our performance. Please don’t see this as us failing you. We are trying our utmost to be there for you before the year’s out. It will be our first time to the “Promise Land.” We are looking forward to seeing y’all.
Yes Mi Irieites,
This great day has finally arrived. This great day has finally come upon us. This great day has been witnessed by the whole world, especially us of the African Diaspora. This great day is May 25th 2013, celebrating the 50th Anniversary of the founding of the Organisation of Africa Unity, which is known today as the AU.
Our story, not history is in the makings where all of Africa will sit together as we did 50 years ago (attended by 32 African heads of State), to take a serious and critical view of the current and future position of the Mother Land.
All the best for the event that is hosted in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia’s capital, the place of the organisation’s origin. Dr. Nkosazana Dlamini Zuma spearheads this. Congratulations to you, too, Dr.
There’s more to follow but in the meantime “Enjoy the Celebration.” Rastafari Live.